Unless both parents have at least one such gene, their children will not have cystic fibrosis. Each time two carriers of the disease conceive, there is a 25 percent chance of passing cystic fibrosis to their children ; a 50 percent chance that the child will be a carrier of the cystic fibrosis gene; and a 25 percent chance that the child will be a non-carrier.
The incidence of CF varies across the globe. In the European Union 1 in new borns is found to be affected by CF. Although many women with CF are able to conceive, limited lung function and other health factors may make it difficult to carry a child to term. CF also can cause reproductive problems - more than 95 percent of men with CF are sterile.
Only thirty years ago, a CF patient was not expected to reach adulthood.
Gene therapy holds great promise for treating cystic fibrosis. A high salt level indicates CF. Nonetheless, the outlook has improved steadily over the past 25 years, mainly because treatments can now postpone some of the changes that occur in the lungs.
But, with new technologies, some are becoming fathers. The severity of cystic fibrosis varies greatly from person to person regardless of age; the severity is determined largely by how much the lungs are affected.
As more advances have been made in the treatment of CF, the number of adults with CF has steadily grown.
During pregnancy, an accurate diagnosis of cystic fibrosis in the fetus is usually possible. Today, nearly 40 percent of the CF population is age 18 and older. Pulmonary function tests may show that breathing is compromised. People with CF have a variety of symptoms including: This simple and painless procedure measures the amount of salt in the sweat.
Cystic Fibrosis Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder that affects the respiratory, digestive and reproductive systems involving the production of abnormally thick mucus linings in the lungs and can lead to fatal lung infections.
Although the results of this test are valid any time after a baby is 24 hours old, collecting a large enough sweat sample from a baby younger than 3 or 4 weeks old may be difficult. The sweat test is the standard diagnostic test for CF. Also, a chest x-ray may suggest the diagnosis.
Half of the people with cystic fibrosis live longer than 28 years. The sweat test can also confirm the diagnosis in older children and adults. Genetic testing on a small blood sample can help determine who has a defective cystic fibrosis gene.
Despite their many problems, people with cystic fibrosis usually attend school or work until shortly before death. If both parents carry a defective cystic fibrosis gene, each pregnancy has a 25 percent chance of producing a child with cystic fibrosis.
Although it is severely underdiagnosed in Asia, existing evidence indicates that the prevelance of CF is rare.
If insulin secretion is reduced, blood sugar levels are high. The disease can also result in various obstructions of the pancreas, hindering digestion.
Many people even live into their fifties and sixties.
Symptoms vary from person to person, in part, due to the more than 1, mutations of the CF gene, several of which have been identified and sequenced by researchers. Adults, however, may experience additional health challenges including CF-related diabetes and osteoporosis.
An individual must inherit two defective cystic fibrosis genes, one from each parent, to have the disease.Factors Motivating Child Marriages Despite laws to the contrary it is seen early marriage Women stand at the cross roads between production and continues to be the norm and once married there is a reproduction, between economic activity and care of tremendous pressure on young wives to bear a child.
Current law (November, ) - Domestic abuse discrimination - prohibited. (1) As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires. Factors Related to Early Marriage in the Hmong Population and Perceptions of Early Marriage I have not establish their individuality, education, and career they are more prone to the problems of marriage.
Teti, Lamb, & Elster () suggest that the high marital instability in teen marriages. Factors Affecting Early Marriage Early marriage is the marriage of children and adolescents below the age of Causes: According to UNICEF's Innocenti Research Centre, the "practice of marrying girls at a young age is most common in Sub-Saharan African and South Asia".
Factors affecting Early Age Marriage in Morang District of Nepal Sah RB1*, Subedi L2, Shah U3, Jha N4 1Associate Professor, School of Public Health and Community Medicine, BP Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
factors which contribute to early marriage among teenagers in rural areas a case study kasulu. district in kigoma region.
ruth michael. a dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment for the requirements for the degree master of human resource management of the open university of tanzania.Download