The Emperor determines the organization of the different branches of the administration, and salaries of all civil and military officers, and appoints and dismisses the same. All matters that fall within Meiji constitution competency of a special Court, shall be specially provided for by law.
The Emperor gives sanction to laws, and orders them to be promulgated and executed. It established a bicameral parliament, called the Diet —in full Imperial Diet Teikoku Gikai —to be elected through Meiji constitution limited voting franchise.
Neither We nor they shall in future fail to wield them, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution hereby granted. Such was the case in the development of a modern educational system that, though influenced by Western theory and practice, stressed the traditional values Meiji constitution samurai loyalty and social harmony.
The French and Spanish models were rejected as tending toward despotism. Government opponents disagreed with this view and when they proved able to consistently win control of the lower house in elections, a protracted struggle for control of the cabinet ensued.
The Emperor has the supreme command of the Army and Navy. Neither We nor they shall in the future fail to wield them, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution hereby granted. Since every cabinet required a full complement of ministers, the military services could effectively destroy a cabinet by having its minister resign.
Structure[ edit ] The Meiji Constitution consists of 76 articles in seven chapters, together amounting to around 2, words. The United States Constitution was rejected as "too liberal".
The Emperor determines the organization of the different branches of the Meiji constitution, and salaries of all civil and military officers, and appoints and dismisses the same.
A Bill, which has been rejected by either the one or the other of the two Houses, shall not be brought in again during the same session.
The opening, closing, prolongation of session and prorogation of the Imperial Diet, shall be effected simultaneously for both Houses. Both Houses shall vote upon projects of law submitted to it by the Government, and may respectively initiate projects of law.
Trials and judgments of a Court shall be conducted publicly. The Emperor is sacred and inviolable. Japanese subjects shall, within limits not prejudicial to peace and order, and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects, enjoy freedom of religious belief.
The expenditure and revenue of the State require the consent of the Imperial Diet by means of an annual Budget. The Emperor confers titles of nobility, rank, orders and other marks of honor.
To whom was the military responsible? The Emperor is the head of the Empire, combining in Himself the rights of sovereignty, and exercises them, according to the provisions of the present Constitution.
The same tendency prevailed in art and literature, where Western styles were first imitated, and then a more-selective blending of Western and Japanese tastes was achieved. That was followed, after the end of the fighting, by the dismantling of the old feudal regime.
The Imperial Diet shall be convoked every year. When the Imperial Diet cannot be convoked, owing to the external or internal condition of the country, in case of urgent need for the maintenance Meiji constitution public safety, the Government may take all necessary financial measures, by means of an Imperial Ordinance.
Discussion Questions 1 A constitution outlines the powers of various government leaders and government bodies, as well as defining the rights and responsibilities of citizens. Afterthe elected politicians increasingly gained the upper hand and were generally dominant until In the case mentioned in the preceding clause, the matter shall be submitted to the Imperial Diet at its next session, and its approbation shall be obtained thereto.
The Imperial Throne shall be succeeded to by Imperial male descendants, according to the provisions of the Imperial House Law. The Emperor declares war, makes peace, and concludes treaties. The expenditure and revenue of the State require the consent of the Imperial Diet by means of an annual Budget.
When, however, such representations are not accepted, they cannot be made a second time during the same session. Japanese subjects shall, within the limits of law, enjoy the liberty of speech, writing, publication, public meetings and associations.
The expenditures of the Imperial House shall be defrayed every year out of the National Treasury, according to the present fixed amount for the same, and shall not require the consent thereto of the Imperial Diet, except in case an increase thereof is found necessary.
Our Ministers of State, on Our behalf, shall be held responsible for the carrying out of the present Constitution, and Our present and future subjects shall forever assume the duty of allegiance to the present Constitution. Japanese subjects shall, within the limits of law, enjoy the liberty of speech, writing, publication, public meetings and associations.
The Emperor, in consequence of an urgent necessity to maintain public safety or to avert public calamities, issues, when the Imperial Diet is not sitting, Imperial ordinances in the place of law. When, however, there exists any fear that such publicity may be prejudicial to peace and order, or to the maintenance of public morality, the public trial may be suspended by provision of law or by the decision of the Court of Law.
All feudal class privileges were abolished as well. No Japanese subject shall be deprived of his right of being tried by the judges determined by law. It also created an independent judiciary.
The Judicature shall be exercised by the Courts of Law according to law, in the name of the Emperor.The Meiji Restoration and Modernization.
Japan Answers the Challenge of the Western World; The Meiji Constitution. Preamble. Having, by virtue of the glories of Our Ancestors, ascended the Throne of a lineal succession unbroken for ages eternal; desiring to promote the welfare of, and to give development to the moral and intellectual.
The Meiji constitution was promulgated by the emperor in and was replaced by the present constitution which was promulgated in November.
The Constitution of the Empire of Japan (Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國憲法; Shinjitai: 大日本帝国憲法 Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kenpō), known informally as the Meiji Constitution (明治憲法 Meiji Kenpō), was the constitution of the Empire of Japan which had the proclamation on February 11,and had enacted since November 29, until.
Primary Source Document with Questions (DBQs) EXCERPTS FROM THE MEIJI CONSTITUTION OF Introduction Promulgated on February 11,the Meiji Constitution was a major landmark in the making of the modern. Meiji Restoration, in Japanese history, the political revolution in that brought about the final demise of the Tokugawa shogunate (military government)—thus ending the Edo (Tokugawa) period (–)—and, at least nominally, returned control of the country to direct imperial rule under Mutsuhito (the emperor Meiji).
Meiji Constitution: Meiji Constitution, constitution of Japan from to After the Meiji Restoration (), Japan’s leaders sought to create a constitution that would define Japan as a capable, modern nation deserving of Western respect while preserving their own power.
The resultant document, largely the.Download