There is variation between individual trees in the timing of flowering, and in the shade and brightness of the flowers.
These trees withstand strong southern ocean winds, salt spray and drought, and can live for up to years. Etymology[ edit ] The generic name Metrosideros derives from the Ancient Greek metra or " heartwood " and sideron or "iron". Many Pohutukawa cultivars have been bred by New Zealand nurseryman, ranging in habit, foliage form and flower colour.
Pohutukawa flowers are bright red, smothering the tree in December, hence its common name: Pohutukawa populations have also been affected by the use of fire for land clearing — despite its hardiness, the species is very sensitive to fire and even a light grassland fire at the base of a mature tree will kill it.
They also provide shelter and erosion control, vital ecosystem services in this exposed region. He fell to earth and the crimson flowers are said to represent his blood.
In isolated populations genetic drift has resulted in local variation: Growing to 15m tall in old age, the Pohutukawa will retain a shrubbier form for many years. Continued efforts from organisations such as the Project Crimson Trust will ensure these trees continue to light up New Zealand Christmases for many years to come.
As well as a cultural symbol, the species has several practical uses. The oblong, leathery leaves are covered in dense white hairs underneath. Forsman was serving in the Libyan Desert at the time, hardly the surroundings normally associated with the image of a fiery red pohutukawa tree.
A gnarled, twisted pohutukawa on the windswept cliff top at Cape Reinga, the northern tip of New Zealand, has become of great significance to many New Zealanders.
Through Project Crimson, overnative trees, including Pohutukawa, have been planted across the country, and prospects for Pohutukawa are hopeful. It was frequently used in shipbuilding, since the naturally curvy shapes made strong knees. It is from here that the spirits of the dead begin their journey to their traditional homeland of Hawaiki.
Its trunks and branches are sometimes festooned with matted, fibrous aerial roots. It has also naturalised on Norfolk Island to the north. From this point the spirits leap off the headland and climb down the roots of the year-old tree, descending into the underworld on their return journey.
Many of his fellow New Zealanders, though, would have instantly identified with the image. Although the Pohutukawa has its natural range in the North Island, it can be found planted throughout New Zealand in coastal areas wherever frosts are not severe.
Hybridisation with other Metrosideros species threatens the genetic integrity of Pohutukawa. Why not try something different this Christmas instead of bringing out the plastic tree, or buying a sad-looking pine, why not plant your very own New Zealand Christmas Tree which will last for many a Christmas to come!
In coastal Californiait is a popular street and lawn tree, but has caused concern in San Francisco where its root systems are blamed for destroying sewer lines and sidewalks. The Pohutukawa tree is possibly one of the best known and most loved New Zealand native trees.
Several years later Austrian geologist Ferdinand von Hochstetter noted that settlers referred to it as such.
Many Pohutukawa trees are threatened in their natural habitat by possum damage and pressure from people. Vigorous and easy to grow, the tree flourishes well south of its natural range, and has naturalised in the Wellington area and in the north of the South Island. It usually grows as a multi-trunked spreading tree.
The species name excelsa is from Latin excelsus, "highest, sublime". New Zealand Department of Conservation. Indeed it can be clipped into an attractive yet robust coastal hedge.Gorgeous crimson blossoms of Pohutukawa tree are depicted on Christmas greeting cards.
The tree is referred to in poems and songs, and New Zealanders name it the Christmas tree. Pohutukawa tree became a symbol of Christmas owing to its blooming season that falls exactly on Christmas time, from Novem.
Pohutukawa, with its striking red flowers, is an important symbol for all New Zealanders. In Maori mythology, its flowers are said to represent the blood of a young warrior who perished while trying to avenge his father’s death.
The Maori also used the flowering of Pohutukawa trees as a seasonal indicator, and when Christian settlers. The pohutukawa tree (Metrosideros excelsa) with its crimson flower has become an established part of the New Zealand Christmas tradition. Product Description Zealand Christmas Tree and Pohutukawa Tree, native to New Zealand and.
A Metrosideros excelsa in Golden Gate Park, San Francisco is registered as a California Big Tree. It measures 66 feet high, with a trunk circumference of inches and a crown spread of 82 feet.
It measures 66 feet high, with a trunk circumference of inches and a crown spread of 82 feet. The beautiful pohutukawa tree, often described as New Zealand’s Christmas Tree, is the country's best-known and most visible native tree.
The New Zealand Christmas Tree .Download